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   FAQ's » Class 12th

Qns 1. Please guide me regarding deletions made from the Economics syllabus. Please also advise me on the answering pattern, use of graphs and word limit.


Vide Circular No. 15 dated 12.03.2007 the following sub-topics have been deleted  from the Economics syllabus for the Board Examination, 2009: In Unit 8: Recent significant reforms and issues in the Indian Banking system- Privatization and modernization.In Unit 9: Downsizing the role of government: meaning and implication.In Unit 10, A brief analysis about recent exchange rate issues.These deletions are also reflected in the Economics syllabus, class XII, 2009 examination.

Details of the circular are available on the CBSE website  For answering pattern and other related issues, please refer to the revised sample question papers in Economics; class XII available on the Board’s website

Qns 2. What are HOT questions in Economics? Can you give some examples?

Ans: In the Board’s question paper in Economics of Class XII, there will be higher order thinking questions of 15 to 20 marks.  The objective is to assess the students’ understanding, analytical ability and interpretation.In the course content for Economics, an attempt is made to introduce basic concepts used in the study of this subject.  Many of these concepts are also interrelated. Memorizing these concepts and their relationship will not help in understanding the economic laws and principles.  These have to be understood in totality by asking questions such as why and how and going a step further by applying them to various situations.Some of these concepts are: 
  • Marginal and average cost etc and their relationship.
  • Concept of equilibrium in microeconomics and in macroeconomics.
  • Concepts of elasticity.
  • Concepts of domestic product and national product.
  • Intermediate and final products.
  • Concepts of inflation, depreciation of domestic currency, etc.
 Just memorizing the meaning of concepts does not help in understanding the subject and the use of these concepts.  For instance just memorising the meaning of concepts and their relationship will not help you in answering question, like. 
  • Why must marginal cost curve pass through the minimum point of average cost curve?  Or
  • If marginal revenue falls, will total revenue fall? Or
  • Are the wages and salaries received by Indians working in American Embassy in India a part of Domestic Product of India?  Or

Why must aggregate demand and aggregate supply be equal when the economy is in equilibrium?

Qns 3. How can I get good marks in Economics?


Good marks in Economics can be scored if you prepare for the subject well keeping the Economics syllabus prescribed by the Board as the base.  You can also refer to the supplementary material in Introductory Microeconomics and Macroeconomics given on the Board’s website and  in addition to NCERT textbooks.  Evaluation in Board’s examination is done as per marking scheme developed for the question paper.

Please understand the question well and answer accordingly in simple and precise manner.  Refer to sample question papers given on the Board’s website for greater clarity.

Qns 4. Which is the best book in Economics Class XII for us to refer to for the Board examination 2010? Can we consult private publishers’ books?


Every year the Board brings out curriculum in different subjects at secondary and senior school stage for a particular examination year.  Teachers and students are advised to follow the concerned syllabus strictly for teaching and examination purpose.

Teachers should refer to those parts of the NCERT Textbooks in Economics Class XII which cover the Economics syllabus and the supplementary reading material provided by the Board on its website Since the Economics syllabus is almost the same for the last three years, it is advisable to also go through the question papers of last three years’ examination (2006-2008) besides the Sample question papers in Economics Class XII for 2009 Examination on the Board’s website. 

The Board has stopped recommending private publishers books and recommends only NCERT textbooks.

Qns 5. The NCERT textbooks in Economics, class XII contain some topics not prescribed in the CBSE syllabus for 2009 examination. Should we follow NCERT books or the syllabus? Please guide.


Please refer to the Economics syllabus Class XII prescribed by the Board for 2010 examination and consult the relevant portions only from the latest NCERT textbooks in Economics. The Board has also brought out supplementary material in Economics for the portions of the syllabus not covered in the NCERT textbooks. Sample question papers have been posted on the Board’s website The NCERT textbooks do include certain material for enrichment and extended learning which are not part of the prescribed syllabus and hence will not be examined by the Board

Qns 6. What type of papers will come for class XII students?


Please refer to the design of the question paper and sample question papers in Economics which are given on the Board’s website  under Students section.  The website also contains question papers of 2008 for guidance of students.

Qns 7. The new textbooks in Economics contain too much of Mathematics. Can there be a question on mathematical derivation of a concept or a behavior in the Board Examination?


Economic concepts and behaviour can be explained diagrammatically, mathematically and through explanations.  All the three ways are complementary to each other.  The Mathematics required in class XII Economics is not higher than that studied in class X. However, for 2009 examination, the Economics syllabus does not require a student to give mathematical derivations in his/her answer.  They can give explanation supported by diagrams to explain particular economic behavior/concepts.


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